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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 33  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 10-14

Correlation between High Sensitivity c-reactive protein and incident type 2 diabetes among newly diagnosed renal impairment patients

1 National Diabetes Center, Mustansiriyah University, Baghdad, Iraq
2 Department of Chemistry, College of Education for Pure Science (Ibn AlHaitham), Baghdad, Iraq
3 Ministry of Education/AlKerakh Education General Management, Baghdad, Iraq

Correspondence Address:
Noor Thair Tahir
National Diabetes Center, Al-Mustansiriyah University, Baghdad
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/IRJCM.IRJCM_7_20

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Background: Numerous markers of inflammation like C-reactive protein (CRP) are raised considerably in the diabetic population. The levels of these markers also associate with the severity of diabetes and presence of various complications. Objective: The objective was to study the correlation between CRP and glycemic control in type 2 diabetic patients who were newly diagnosed renal impairment and to evaluate if good glycemic control reduces the CRP values. Patients and Methods: This work was performed from June 2018 to January 2019. Forty-five type 2 diabetic patients who were newly diagnosed renal impairment are included after proper screening, between 48 and 60 years of age at the National Diabetic Center/Al-Mustansiriyah University. They were equated with 45 healthy subjects as control group. Then, relevant tests were done which are involved: fasting serum glucose, glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), urea, creatinine, serum lipid profile, and serum high sensitivity CRP (hs-CRP). Results: A significant increase in serum urea and creatinine was found in diabetic patients as paralleled to the controls. Furthermore, there was a significant difference in hs-CRP in diabetics as compared to the controls (13.95 ± 5.42 mg/l vs. 2.0 ± 1.16 mg/l, P = 0.01, odds ratio = 1.157). Well glycemic control is foremost to the decline in HbA1c moreover caused a reduction in CRP levels when HbA1c was ≤7. Conclusions: It has been concluded that higher levels of CRP can be a prognostic element for the progress of type 2 diabetes, Also, it has a positive correlation with HbA1c, reflecting the glycemic status of the patient.

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