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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 33  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 74-78

Knowledge of primary health-care centers physician's about obesity in adult in Baghdad/Alkark

Al-Karkh Health Directrate, Iraqi MoH, Baghdad, Iraq

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Hanady Mohammad Alhilli
Baghdad City/Al-Karkh Health Directrate, Iraqi MoH, Baghdad
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/IRJCM.IRJCM_6_21

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Introduction: Primary health care is still underutilized for obesity counseling and adequate training may increase physician involvement in overweight prevention and treatment, exploring physicians' awareness is important for the design of special training programs to manage deficiencies in knowledge and practices. Objectives: The objective is to assess the knowledge of primary health care centers' physicians about obesity. Subjects and Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out for 4 months: A Convenient sample of 129 primary health-care physicians were included, assessment of knowledge consisted of 15 questions, and their answers may be one of 3 (”Yes,” “No” or “I don't know”) according to knowledge of participants. For knowledge assessment, if a participant had 7 or less correct answers, it was considered poor knowledge, and if more than 8 correct answers out of the 15 questions then it considered adequate knowledge. Results: From the 129 study sample, only 11 had training in obesity courses. There were 82.9% of participants identify obesity as a disease, and 75.2% agreed that primary health care physicians playing a dominant role in assessing and managing obesity. In the current study, 98.4% of participants answered correctly about obesity relation to chronic conditions, 40.3% of physicians had incorrect information about low social class can predispose to obesity. In this study, only 50.4% of physicians used body mass index for obesity classification in all health conditions. Conclusions: Most of the physicians who were involved in the study had an adequate knowledge about obesity (92.2%).

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